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欧洲天然气库存创历史新高

来源:未知 编辑:admin 时间:2020-04-08 手机版

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原标题:欧洲天然气库存创历史新高

中国石化新闻网讯 据Azernews新闻网站4月7日消息 美国能源信息署(EIA)称,截至2020年3月1日,欧洲天然气储存库存已满60%,创下3月初有史以来的最高水平(欧洲天然气储存总量(AGSI+))。

EIA称:“欧洲2020年1月和2月的库存水平都创下了这几个月来的最高纪录。欧洲天然气储存量高是由于冬季温和,限制了冬季取暖需求以及管道和液化天然气进口量不断增加的结果。”

据介绍,欧洲各地冬季天气相对温和,尤其是北欧地区,天然气供暖较为普遍,居民和商业供暖需求减少。

“因此,天然气从库存中的提取量低于平均水平,导致1月和2月库存水平创下历史新高。基于前5年的数据,欧洲3月1日的天然气储存能力利用率通常为38%。2020年,欧洲天然气库存从3月份开始占产能的60%。

报告显示,天然气库存居高不下,部分原因是2019年通过管道和液化天然气向欧洲输送量均创历史新高。

2012年至2018年年中,欧洲的液化天然气进口量相对较低,但2019年大幅增加,平均110亿立方英尺/天,几乎是前两年的两倍。液化天然气进口量在2019年12月和2020年2月创下140亿立方英尺/天的月度记录(不包括再出口,即一个国家先进口然后出口液化天然气),这意味着整个欧洲的再气化能力利用率接近60%。

俄罗斯和美国去年对欧洲的液化天然气出口分别比2018年增加了约140亿立方英尺/天和150亿立方英尺/天。自2019年11月以来,美国一直是欧洲最大的液化天然气供应国。2020年2月,从美国进口的液化天然气创下历史新高,达到51亿立方英尺/天,几乎是欧洲第二大供应国卡塔尔的两倍。”

吴恒磊 编译自 Azernews

原文如下:

Europe’s natural gas storage inventories record high

European natural gas storage inventories as of March 1, 2020, were 60 percent full—the highest ever recorded level for the start of March, the US Energy Information Administration (EIA) said referring to the Gas Storage Europe’s Aggregated Gas Storage Inventory (AGSI+).

“European stock levels for both January and February 2020 were the highest ever recorded for those months. Europe’s high levels of natural gas in storage are the result of a mild winter, which limited winter heating demand, and growing natural gas imports by pipeline and as liquefied natural gas (LNG),” said EIA.

Relatively mild winter weather across Europe—and especially in northern Europe, where natural gas heating is more common—reduced demand for residential and commercial heating, according to the report.

“As a result, natural gas withdrawals from storage were lower than average, resulting in record-high January and February inventory levels. Europe’s natural gas storage capacity utilization for the first day of March has typically been 38 percent, based on the previous five years; in 2020, natural gas stocks in Europe started March at 60 percent of capacity,” said EIA.

The report shows that high natural gas stocks were partly the result of record-high deliveries to Europe both by pipeline and as LNG in 2019.

“LNG imports into Europe had been relatively low between 2012 and mid-2018, but they increased substantially in 2019, averaging 11 billion cubic feet per day (Bcf/d) or almost twice the volume in the two previous years. LNG imports set monthly records of 14 Bcf/d in December 2019 and February 2020 (excluding re-exports, where a country imports and then exports LNG), implying a Europe-wide regasification capacity utilization of almost 60 percent,” said EIA.

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